Jean Pierre Elong Mbassi addressed some issues to engage Africa territories on the path of sustainable development, these issues being the following: “Citizens of Africa becoming aware that the future of the world will be played in Africa”; “Africa is not poor but some people try to make Africans believe that their continent is poor”; and “there is need to strengthen local taxation and to better structure migration, which is a human right”. «Most of our fellow citizens in Africa are not always aware that the future of the world lies now inside the continent “, said the Secretary general. Nonetheless, without this awareness, it will be difficult for the continent to start the path to sustainable because the path to sustainable development must engage not only local communities, but also citizens. Sustainable cities and territories require a collective commitment. In this collective commitment it will be necessary to review the taxation and to direct it towards the local level. It is not because the trend in Europe is to lower taxes that Africa must follow this path. In Africa, few people pay taxes and many people escape taxation. The transition in question takes into account changes in behavior and paradigms, but also mobilization of resources, especially at the local level. Levying more taxes but redistributing them to local communities seems to be an important key to the transition to sustainable cities and territories.