Some analysts present decentralization in Africa and particularly in West Africa as a corollary of the democratization movement of the 1990s, itself seen under the prism of Western imposition. In other words, decentralization in Africa seems to be supported by political motivations rather than by a development logic.
Is this not what justifies the significant gaps that can be observed between the expectations of the population and those of local elected officials, on the one hand, and the re-centralising actions of the States, on the other?
Indeed, there are often conflicts of competence between local authorities and government services. The latter seem to lack confidence in the communities they sometimes accuse of poor governance and lack the capacity to carry out all their missions. However, most official speeches present decentralization as an important, even unavoidable, lever for the harmonious development of our States.
The theme "innovation in municipal management" is of paramount importance, in that if national development is to be achieved through communalization, all necessary measures must be taken to strengthen this policy through major innovations.
The main actors responsible for the success of the communalization or, more generally, decentralization policy in a country are the State itself, local authorities and populations, through their organizations (CSOs).
Each actor must fully play its part in adapting to the perpetual changes in our societies. The State, which is often accused of a lack of political will, must have sufficient confidence in the municipalities and local elected officials and provide itself with the means to supervise them. Local elected officials should demonstrate their determination and capacity to successfully manage local development. They must provide the State and citizens with guarantees of good governance.
This quest for good governance requires that civil society organizations be sufficiently involved in the management of their communities (participatory management).
The main objective of this session is to organize a sharing of experience between local authorities from different regions of Africa in terms of innovation in municipal management.Specifically, it will be:
- That through communications, elected officials or experts present innovations in municipal management at the level of their respective communities or countries, and
- That, at the end of the exchanges between participants, recommendations are adopted for more innovations in municipal management