The International Community has adopted a new Global Agenda for Sustainable Development which includes among its objectives « Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages »
(SDG 3). These commitments were reinforced by the Climate Agenda, the New Urban Agenda, the Sendai Framework for Risk Reduction and the Agenda for Action.
In what way is this Objective important, even crucial, for Territorial Governments? The importance lies in the fact that it is these entities (mainly municipalities, cities, districts, as a level of proximity) that assume roles, responsibilities and competencies in urban planning, public transport, urban mobility, drinking water supply, solid and liquid sanitation, basic health, protection of the environment, reduction of air pollution, etc.
Among the Aspirations of the African Agenda 2063 (The Africa We Want), we retain the ASPIRATION 1: A prosperous Africa based on inclusive growth and sustainable development, where « African people have a high standard of living, and quality of life, sound health and well-being
Several reports have highlighted the delays recorded by African countries in this area and in the sectors mentioned above. This is the case for the Human Development Indicator. This is the case of the Human Development Indicator. The 2016 Report indicates for the countries of the African continent: 5 countries are in the category of countries with a high level of human development, 13 countries are in the category of countries with average level of human development and the rest of African countries fall into the category of countries with low levels of human development. The main focus is on the education and health sectors.
The Session will be an opportunity to recall this context of challenges, to define roles and responsibilities and above all, how to ensure that multi-stakeholder and multi-level governance is established for this type of problem in an inclusive and participatory approach.
The objectives of the session:
- Increase awareness of the African Territorial Governments on the need to engage effectively in improving the quality of the environment and public health prevention;
- Learn about the environmental health challenges facing Africa
- Exchange experiences and successful policies implemented by African Territorial Governments;
- Situate the importance of the complementarity of multidisciplinary skills and intersectoral interventions
- Define ways and means to strengthen the capacities of local elected officials, territorial managers and civil society actors to better manage the environment and protect the health of the population