Sanitation, which is at the heart of the fight for human dignity and health, cannot be achieved for all in the best possible way without being pragmatic and realistic. Being pragmatic means recognizing the urgency of the situation, recognizing that it will not be possible to resolve it within deadlines compatible with the deadlines of the SDGs, or even much later, by using only traditional collective sanitation techniques such as networks and stations.
In many neighbourhoods, in many localities, individual and autonomous sanitation must be considered as a fully-fledged solution in between, or definitive elsewhere, if it is established as a public service that local authorities have a strong vocation and capacity to develop and manage. It is this attitude that has finally established itself in many developed countries
The session should take stock of this alternative represented by Non-Collective Public Sanitation Services and the conditions for their implementation in communities across the continent.
- How can non-collective public sanitation services be organized at local level, which would be responsible for the generalization of toilets, the responsibility for their maintenance, the evacuation and recovery of waste from these systems?
- How can we convince national governments to establish the rules of the game for these non-collective sanitation services, to develop awareness and training programmes, and to provide funding for the implementation of these services?
To discuss this, three local authorities, Zinder (Niger), Aného (Togo) and Houdan (France), which have assumed this transition to autonomous sanitation, a Senegalese national sanitation office (ONAS) which makes the waste recovery sector of autonomous sanitation a priority, a testimony on the place of autonomous sanitation in the national water policy in France (President of the National Water Office in France).
This session should make it possible to advance the recognition of non-collective sanitation as a solution in its own right and specify the conditions for its implementation by African local authorities
- Have non-collective sanitation recognized by national laws and regulations as a solution in its own right
- Define the conditions for the implementation of public non-collective sanitation services entrusted to local authorities
- Organize and professionalize the collection and recovery of waste from non-collective sanitation
- Develop a guide to public management of non-collective sanitation