From March 2012, Mali was plunged into an unprecedented security, political and institutional crisis that shook the very foundations of the state, with strong territorial claims.
Local authorities, through their responsibilities and commitments in terms of local management and the provision of social services, have been fully affected by the direct and collateral effects of this crisis.
Thus, the Associations of Local Authorities of Mali: Association of Communities Circles of Mali; Association of Municipalities of Mali; Association of Regions of Mali have in a synergy of actions and pooling of resources, concentrated the bulk of their activities on crisis management and resolution, the peace and national reconciliation process.
With its 763 local authorities, Mali is one of the African countries most engaged in a process of full decentralization.
Local elected officials, through their umbrella organisations, have been among the pioneers of initiatives and actions:
- For the benefit of the populations and local elected officials in the affected areas (visits to refugee camps, national and international solidarity actions) as soon as the 2012 crisis breaks out;
- Lobbying, advocacy towards the State to accelerate the process of transferring skills and resources in order to best manage the territorial claim dimension of the crisis);
- Lobbying and advocacy towards the TFPs for the resumption of official development assistance;
- Promotion of decentralized cooperation for direct support to local authorities;
- Organization of inter-community meetings on peace and national reconciliation; - implementation of structural programmes and projects.
There have been interactions between these initiatives and important institutional, political and institutional reforms that have sometimes been influenced by them or that have facilitated their implementation.
This session will be of particular interest to local elected officials, heads of administrations, the State, operators involved in decentralization and local development, the Sahelo-Saharan strip (G5) and all African countries in conflict situations or engaged in major decentralization reforms.
The major issues addressed will be related to:
- In the context of territorial claims that have impacted on the acceleration of the decentralization process;
- To the actions carried out by LA in crisis management and exit;
- the major reforms under way in the field of decentralisation, in particular with regard to the transfer of competences and resources;
- To the visions and development initiatives undertaken by LAs and ALAs through structuring programmes and projects.