Sessions on the Transition
STA 1 - Demographic Transition in Africa: Implications for Urban Planning
PRESENTATION OF THE SESSION
This session on "Demographic Transition in Africa: Implications for Urban Planning" will present background evidence on the variations of the demographic transitions in Africa. The evidence will be discussed in the context of what it means for urban policies, investments, environment, urban infrastructure, social cohesion and inclusiveness, and how this is affecting local, regional and national development plans and strategies. This session will assess the urban demographic transition in African countries and compare these trends with selected countries in other less developed regions that have experienced rapid transitions. While most countries in the region have substantially slow transition, a set of countries – mostly in the Southern Africa but throughout the region – have experienced or are projected to have demographic transition at a similar pace, compared to the reference countries.
Discussions of the interrelationship between the major determinants of demographic processes (births, fertility, migrations, health, deaths, etc) and development at micro and macro levels in different countries will be discussed along with the implications and challenges related to that. The overall conclusions and policy implications will be important for policymakers, local governments and the public. The session is more important and useful to policymakers not only in Africa but the entire developing world, that might have similar demographic and socio-economic development issues.
Issues raised in this session will be key in guiding the debates by African subnational governments on migration that will feed into the plans for the adoption of a global migration compact.